The Complete Tour of The Jewish Heritage in Trieste
Sightseeing tour in Trieste in discover the Jewish Roots of one of the most important communities in Italy
the Jewish Cemetery which is outside the city and it is necessary to have a car. The current Jewish cemetery in Trieste next to the Catholic Cemetery of Sant’Anna and cemeteries reserved for other confessions. It dates back to the mid-19th Century, when the former cemetery in Via del Monte, which had served the Jews in Trieste since 1446 and now extended as far as the hill of San Giusto, was no longer large enough for their needs. A new burial ground was therefore established, at the expense of the city of Trieste, in Via della Pace, far from the residential part of the town. Finally, in 1909, as a result of plans to transform the area into a public park and the consequent expropriation of the old cemetery, the community transferred almost 2,400 corpses to the new area. Immersed in lush greenery, the cemetery is a very charming place that hosts both ancient tombs transferred from Via del Monte and typically late 19th Century funerary monuments, often influenced by Catholic models, bearing witness to the prestige of the most important families. The passage of time and the succession of epochs have made this a quiet, evocative place, and a witness to a great community. The free visit of the cemetery must to be of 30 -40 minutes to have the time to reach the Synagogue with the sightseeing guided tour at 10,00 a.m.
The Synagogue of St. Francesco with the admittance and guided tour in English speaking to discover this important temple considered one of the largest and most majestic ones in Europe. Designed by architects Ruggero and Arduino Berlam and inaugurated in 1912, the monumental synagogue represents the influence that the Jewish Community achieved in the economic and cultural life of the city in the early '900.The Berlam family successfully overcame the structural difficulties of the ground, creating a rectangular building with a main dome, three semi-domes and a tower with a rectangular base. It is important to emphasize that the Trieste synagogue differs from synagogues in Central Europe in that it is one of the rare cases of mediation between a basilica and its adaptation to the Jewish cult and ceremonial. The extraordinary complexity of the site and the technical innovations introduced during the construction of the temple make it one of the most important examples in the history of Italian art building in the early twentieth century. The Temple replaced the "Schole" that responded to the needs of cult of Jews in Trieste from the mid-eighteenth century and satisfied the needs of an increasingly flourishing community. The need of a new and wider synagogue was felt particularly around 1860, when it was realized that the "Little School" (built in 1748 in Beccherie street), the "Great School" (built in 1797 in Little Square) and the "Vivante School" (built in 1805 in Del Monte street) no longer met the new requirements of the large and rich Jewish community.
During World War II, the synagogue was devastated and used by Nazi occupiers to store books and artwork. However, the silverware rituals of the Community were saved by raiding thanks to an ingenious hiding.
Outside the building has three facades where a series of ornaments are repeated. Over all, the characteristic rose window stands which lights the interior. The main entrance is in Donizetti street, where the great portal is surmounted by a tower. In the ensamble of St. Francesco building, the offices of the Community, the library, the historical archive and the mikveh (ritual bath) are also found. Further closed to the Synagogue there is the Jewish museum, normally not open on Sunday. We are in waiting to have Ok to have a special admittance.
The scheduled time of the sightseeing it is quite of 3 hours as the request of customers. It could be quite impossible if they have not more time to visit the
San Sabba Rice Mill National Monument and Museum In October 1943 when the city of Trieste was included in the military operation Operationszone Adriatisches Küstenland – OZAK, the most tragic period in recent history began, therefore some buildings used for rice husking (the Ricemill of San Sabba) were designated as Polizeihaftlager (police detention camp). The building had the function to torture and sort prisoners in particular Jews who were destined to be deported to Auschwitz and other extermination camps. In addition, many political enemies and partisans of different nationalities were killed in this building. The ricehusking factory of San Sabba was the only Italian Nazis camp with a crematory oven activated from 1944 until the end of World War Two. After the Second World War some buildings were used as refugee camps starting from the 1950’s. In 1965 following a decree of the Italian president of the republic it became a National monument. The Memorial was restructured in its current form in 1975 after Romano Boico’s intervention. Inside the multimedia museum, created in 2016, there can be seen many artefacts such as photos, documents, projects, objects given by ex-deportees and videos. Furthermore, the National Monument is formed by various areas that can be visited.
Quote on demand
The quote include Reservation and admittance by Raggio Verde Incoming Italy with the payment of the tickets for Synagogue (with guided tour) + Cemetery + Museum. Reservation of private car with driver to reach the area of Cemetery, Synagogue and Risiera to complete the request of customers and wait the customers during the visits.
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